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If you want to do any number of things that require access to the so-called Android Debug Bridge ADB or the fastboot tools for Android — sideloading apps, installing custom ROMs, taking screenshots in apps that forbid it, or accessing certain hidden features — you’ll need to get ADB up and running on your platform of choice first.

Fortunately, doing so is possible virtually on any device at this point — you can even start ADB from another Android phone, or a web browser. We’ll help you get set up no matter what platform you’re on in this guide. You first need to set up your Android device. If you haven’t already activated the developer options in your system settings, you’ll have to do so by heading to the About section and tapping the Build number entry seven times.

You’ll be congratulated on becoming a developer that’s how easy it is and a new entry called Developer options will appear in your system settings. Enter those, look for the USB debugging toggle, and switch it on. If you’re a developer or looking to get into Android app development, you should install Android Studio. The software will also ensure that your tools are always up to date.

You can download Android Studio on the Android Developers website. The installation process is straight-forward — just follow the on-screen instructions from the installer. Since Android Studio is quite huge when installed, the standalone SDK platform tools could be a better option if you want to save some precious space on your computer’s storage, especially if you don’t want to get into app development. The tools are comprised of the same parts you get when you install the Android Studio: ADB, fastboot, and systrace.

They’re available on the Android Developers website. You’ll have to extract them and add them to your system’s path, but you probably don’t want to bother with that. There is a script that simplify the process. It’s an open-source tool created by Android Police alumnus Corbin Davenport. Nexus Tools automatically downloads the latest platform tools from the Google website mentioned above, extracts them, and adds them to your system’s path for ease of use.

Android Debug Bridge adb is a versatile command-line tool that lets you communicate with a device. The adb command facilitates a variety of device actions, such as installing and debugging apps, and it provides access to a Unix shell that you can use to run a variety of commands on a device.

It is a client-server program that includes three components:. For information on connecting a device for use over ADB, including how to use the Connection Assistant to troubleshoot common problems, see Run apps on a hardware device. When you start an adb client, the client first checks whether there is an adb server process already running.

If there isn’t, it starts the server process. When the server starts, it binds to local TCP port and listens for commands sent from adb clients—all adb clients use port to communicate with the adb server.

The server then sets up connections to all running devices. It locates emulators by scanning odd-numbered ports in the range to , the range used by the first 16 emulators. Where the server finds an adb daemon adbd , it sets up a connection to that port. Note that each emulator uses a pair of sequential ports — an even-numbered port for console connections and an odd-numbered port for adb connections.

For example:. Emulator 1, console: Emulator 1, adb: Emulator 2, console: Emulator 2, adb: and so on As shown, the emulator connected to adb on port is the same as the emulator whose console listens on port Once the server has set up connections to all devices, you can use adb commands to access those devices. Because the server manages connections to devices and handles commands from multiple adb clients, you can control any device from any client or from a script.

On Android 4. Return to the previous screen to find Developer options at the bottom. You can now connect your device with USB. If connected, you’ll see the device name listed as a “device. Note: When you connect a device running Android 4. This security mechanism protects user devices because it ensures that USB debugging and other adb commands cannot be executed unless you’re able to unlock the device and acknowledge the dialog.

Note: The instructions below do not apply to Wear devices running Android See the guide to debugging a Wear OS app for more information. Android 11 and higher supports deploying and debugging your app wirelessly from your workstation using Android Debug Bridge adb. For example, you can deploy your debuggable app to multiple remote devices without physically connecting your device via USB.

This eliminates the need to deal with common USB connection issues, such as driver installation. Ensure that your device is running Android 11 or higher. Ensure that you have Android Studio Bumblebee. You can download it here.

To use wireless debugging, you must pair your device to your workstation using a QR Code or a pairing code. Your workstation and device must be connected to the same wireless network. To connect to your device, follow these steps:. On your device, find the Build number option.

You can find this in these locations for the following devices:. Tap the Build Number option seven times until you see the message You are now a developer! This enables developer options on your phone. On your device, find Developer options. You can find this option in these locations for the following devices:. In Developer options , scroll down to the Debugging section and turn on Wireless debugging.

On the Allow wireless debugging on this network? The Pair devices over Wi-Fi window pops up, as shown below. Figure 2. Popup window to pair devices using QR code or pairing code On your device, tap on Wireless debugging and pair your device:. To pair your device with a pairing code, select Pair device with pairing code from the Pair devices over Wi-Fi popup above. On your device, select Pair using pairing code and take note of the six digit pin code. Once your device appears on the Pair devices over Wi-Fi window, you can select Pair and enter the six digit pin code shown on your device.

To pair a different device or to forget this device on your workstation, navigate to Wireless debugging on your device, tap on your workstation name under Paired devices , and select Forget. Alternatively, to connect to your device via command line without Android Studio, follow these steps:. Find your IP address, port number, and pairing code by selecting Pair device with pairing code. Take note of the IP address, port number, and pairing code displayed on the device.

On your workstation’s terminal, run adb pair ipaddr:port. Use the IP address and port number from above. If you are having issues connecting to your device wirelessly, you can try the following troubleshooting steps to resolve the issue. Your device is running Android 11 or higher. You have Android Studio Bumblebee. The following is a list of current known issues with wireless debugging in Android Studio and how to resolve them. Try connecting with a cable or another Wi-Fi network.

ADB over Wi-Fi sometimes turns off automatically : This can happen if the device either switches Wi-Fi networks or disconnects from the network.

Note: The instructions below do not apply to Wear devices running Android 10 or lower. To connect a device running Android 10 or lower, there are some initial steps you must do over USB, as described below:. Before issuing adb commands, it is helpful to know what device instances are connected to the adb server. You can generate a list of attached devices using the devices command. The following example shows the devices command and its output.

There are three devices running. The first two lines in the list are emulators, and the third line is a hardware device that is attached to the computer. The adb devices command has a corner-case command sequence that causes running emulator s to not show up in the adb devices output even though the emulator s are visible on your desktop.

This happens when all of the following conditions are true:. One way to avoid this situation is to let the emulator choose its own ports, and don’t run more than 16 emulators at once. Another way is to always start the adb server before you use the emulator command, as explained in the following examples.

Example 1: In the following command sequence, the adb devices command starts the adb server, but the list of devices does not appear. Stop the adb server and enter the following commands in the order shown. For the avd name, provide a valid avd name from your system. To get a list of avd names, type emulator -list-avds. Example 2: In the following command sequence, adb devices displays the list of devices because the adb server was started first.

To see the emulator in the adb devices output, stop the adb server, and then start it again after using the emulator command and before using the adb devices command, as follows:. For more information about emulator command-line options, see Using Command Line Parameters.

If multiple devices are running, you must specify the target device when you issue the adb command. To specify the target, use the devices command to get the serial number of the target. Once you have the serial number, use the -s option with the adb commands to specify the serial number. In the following example, the list of attached devices is obtained, and then the serial number of one of the devices is used to install the helloWorld.

Note: If you issue a command without specifying a target device when multiple devices are available, adb generates an error. If you have multiple devices available, but only one is an emulator, use the -e option to send commands to the emulator. Likewise, if there are multiple devices but only one hardware device attached, use the -d option to send commands to the hardware device.

You can use adb to install an APK on an emulator or connected device with the install command:. You must use the -t option with the install command when you install a test APK.

For more information, see -t. Instead, Android Studio handles the packaging and installation of the app for you. You can use the forward command to set up arbitrary port forwarding, which forwards requests on a specific host port to a different port on a device.

The following example sets up forwarding of host port to device port Use the pull and push commands to copy files to and from an device.

Unlike the install command, which only copies an APK file to a specific location, the pull and push commands let you copy arbitrary directories and files to any location in a device. In some cases, you might need to terminate the adb server process and then restart it to resolve the problem e. To stop the adb server, use the adb kill-server command. You can then restart the server by issuing any other adb command.

You can issue adb commands from a command line on your development machine or from a script. The usage is:. If there’s only one emulator running or only one device connected, the adb command is sent to that device by default.

You can use the shell command to issue device commands through adb, or to start an interactive shell. To issue a single command use the shell command like this:. To start an interactive shell on a device use the shell command like this:. Note: With Android Platform-Tools 23 and higher, adb handles arguments the same way that the ssh 1 command does.

But, this change means that the interpretation of any command that contains shell metacharacters has also changed. For example, the adb shell setprop foo ‘a b’ command is now an error because the single quotes ‘ are swallowed by the local shell, and the device sees adb shell setprop foo a b. To make the command work, quote twice, once for the local shell and once for the remote shell, the same as you do with ssh 1.

For example, adb shell setprop foo “‘a b'”. Android provides most of the usual Unix command-line tools. For a list of available tools, use the following command:. Help is available for most of the commands via the –help argument. Many of the shell commands are provided by toybox. General help applicable to all toybox commands is available via toybox –help. See also Logcat Command-Line Tool which is useful for monitoring the system log.

Within an adb shell, you can issue commands with the activity manager am tool to perform various system actions, such as start an activity, force-stop a process, broadcast an intent, modify the device screen properties, and more. While in a shell, the syntax is:. You can also issue an activity manager command directly from adb without entering a remote shell. See the Specification for intent arguments. Options are: -D : Enable debugging. Prior to each repeat, the top activity will be finished.

This command kills only processes that are safe to kill and that will not impact the user experience. Use with [-e perf true] to generate raw output for performance measurements. Required for test runners. Options are: -w : Wait for debugger when app starts. This command is helpful for testing your app across different screen sizes by mimicking a small screen resolution using a device with a large screen, and vice versa. Example: am display-size x display-density dpi Override device display density.

This command is helpful for testing your app across different screen densities on high-density screen environment using a low density screen, and vice versa. Example: am display-density to-uri intent Print the given intent specification as a URI.

Specification for intent arguments For activity manager commands that take an intent argument, you can specify the intent with the following options:. Within an adb shell, you can issue commands with the package manager pm tool to perform actions and queries on app packages installed on the device.

You can also issue a package manager command directly from adb without entering a remote shell. Options: -f : See their associated file. Options: -g : Organize by group.


Android Debug Bridge (adb) | Android Developers

Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a versatile command-line tool that lets you communicate with a device. The adb command facilitates a variety. You can also manually install ADB on Linux and macOS as detailed in the Windows tutorial. UPDATE: /01/13 EST BY MANUEL VONAU. Nexus Tools on. ADB Download Windows 10 and Install · 1. Connect your Android phone to the Windows PC via a USB cable. · 2. Type the adb devices command to the.


Using ADB and fastboot | LineageOS Wiki.


March 7, Almost all of the Android guides are based on ADB as it is a very powerful tool offered by Google and it facilitates a seamless connection between your Android device and a computer. In this guide, we will cover everything about ADB and Fastboot in the most detailed yet simplified way possible.

Read ahead to know more and download ADB and Fastboot for your computer. There are two easy ways by which you can install ADB and Fastboot drivers on your computer.

We shall see how to download and install both of them in the upcoming guide. If the latest one does not work for you, you can try downloading one of the older versions. Step 3: Double click on the. Follow the on-screen instructions and install the same. ADB, short for Android Debug Bridge , is a command-line tool which helps your Android device communicate with a computer. The Fastboot tool comes in handy when you are flashing partition, firmware or image files on your Android device.

For example, you can easily flash recovery image files stock or custom using Fastboot mode. If you face any issues with installing ADB on your Windows, do let us know in the comments section below and we will help you out. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Vishnu March 7, In This Article show. Understanding ADB and Fastboot. How to Relock Bootloader on Android using Fastboot.


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